When the French Tried to Colonize Florida
AMERICAN ARCHEOLOGY (Fall 2015)
A half-century before settling along the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, French colonists (mostly Huguenots) tried to establish a colony in Florida, near present-day Jacksonville. It did not go well. Partly because of inept administration, partly because of Spanish meddlesomeness, partly because of the "Catholic wind" that destroyed their fleet. Their most lasting contribution: they provoked the Spanish settlement of St. Augustine, the longest lasting European settlement in North America, which is celebrating its 450th anniversary this year.
Then there's this: no sign of the colony has ever been found, nor of the ships that sought to resupply it. This is unusual, given that a manifest of one of the wrecked shipped showed that it was laden with tons of iron, which should be fairly easy to find with modern technology.
There's lots more. Read on in American Archeology.